LOJK10292U Agricultural Value Chains in Developing Countries
MSc Programme in Environment and Development
MSc Programme in Agricultural Economics
MSc Programme in Sustainable Development in Agriculture (Agris Mundus)
Development of the agricultural sector is recognized as an important factor in the economic growth of all developing countries. This recognition has led to a growing interest among governments and development agencies to support business development and integration of farmers in markets and value chains. As a consequence of the increasing globalization and internationalization of markets, agricultural value chains are becoming ever more global and complex. Local farmers and agribusinesses are offered new opportunities by this increasing globalization as well as urbanization. However, participating in local, national and global markets is not without challenges as farmers are often faced with many institutional and economic barriers.
Professionals working in the agricultural sector need to understand the inherent complexity of agriculture-based value chains and the dynamic interaction among different types of actors. In this course we aim to provide the participants with knowledge, skills and competences to analyze agricultural value chains in developing countries. The course will address the following main topics:
The role of the agricultural sector in developing economies
Different value chain analysis approaches for value chain development and research
Value chain trade-related issues such as value addition, value distribution, transaction cost, and innovation and upgrading
Value chain management-related issues such as chain governance, institutional setting and enabling environment, and the roles of civil society, the private sector and the State
Value chain interventions from different actors including NGOs, businesses, international traders, wholesalers and retailers
Poverty aspects and smallholders’ access to markets, including farmer cooperatives, partnerships, and outgrower schemes
Standards, certification and sustainability in agricultural value chains
Gender equality and equity and environmental issues in the agriculture and agribusiness development
Value-chain research methodology
By focusing on agricultural value chain analysis, the course will target students that want to obtain an understanding of the mechanisms that govern agribusiness in developing countries. The analytical steps include mapping and characterizing agricultural-based value chains, and addressing barriers to entry, value added and distribution, upgrading opportunities, chain governance, and critical factors in the enabling environment. The course will be useful for professionals working in international agricultural development organizations, agribusiness research, donor organizations, public agencies, national extension services, agribusiness development services, and private agribusiness enterprises.
After completing the course the students should be able to:
A literature synthesis, key articles and reports, additional articles and reports, as well as online videos. All available in Absalon
Academic qualifications equivalent to a BSc degree is recommended.
The students will continuously receive feedback from the lecturer on their group work. The students will also provide written and oral peer feedback to fellow students during the group work.
- 7,5 ECTS
- Type of assessment
- Written assignment, Made during the blockOral examination, 20 minutesStudents will be assessed on the basis of: i) individual contributions to a group project written report and ii) an oral examination.
A written group report based on group work must be handed in before the oral exam. Contributions to the group report must be individualized and clearly indicated. In the oral exam, each student has 20-25 minutes available. Topics/questions in the oral examination are partly based on the group project report. The student will be asked to discuss one or more specific issues identified (by examiners) as critical points in the report as well as general terminology, concepts and theories related to agricultural value chains.
Weight: 40% group project report, 60% oral exam. The final grade is a weighted average. In order to pass the course, the grade for each of the project report and the oral exam must be a pass grade.
- Exam registration requirements
In order to attend the oral exam, the student must participate in the group project presentation and report writing, as well as pass 80 % of the online e-modules.
- Without aids
- Marking scale
- 7-point grading scale
- Censorship form
- No external censorship
Several internal examiners
The reexam will be an individual assignment report based on the group project and an oral exam. The report counts 40% and the oral exam counts 60% of the final grade. The student has 5 days to complete the assignment with all aids allowed. The oral reexam takes 20 – 25 minutes, is without preparation time, and no aids are allowed. Questions are partly based on the project report and general terminology, concepts and theories related to agricultural value chains.
The final grade is a weighted average.
Criteria for exam assesment
Fullfilment of the Learning Outcome is required to obtain the
- Theory exercises
- Project work