NIGK17004U Applied Mineralogy

Volume 2020/2021

MSc Programme in Geology-Geoscience


Mineralogical skills are of great value for investigation and exploitation of mineral resources, for construction industry, for the industry that uses or produces natural and natural-like materials (including development of novel materials for future technologies), and for the environmental protection. They are, of course, also basis for using mineralogical methods of research in the geoscientific research in general. The mineralogical skills are based on understanding of specific features and properties of minerals, constituents of the natural inorganic materials, and on an insight into technologies based on their application. The course covers both aspects and is recommended to students of natural sciences, primarily geosciences, physics and chemistry, who plan their careers in the above mentioned fields.

The lectures and exercises are targeted first at giving students a good background at understanding and learning principles that govern the constitution and behaviour of minerals: crystallographic rules and terminology and thermodynamics of crystal growth, phase transitions, solid solutions, stability limits and processes of breakdown of solid phases, like exsolution processes and topotactic transformations. This is succeeded by learning tools and methods of applied Mineralogy: principles of diffraction and imaging, atomic coordination and chemical bond investigation by spectroscopic methods, with an introduction to the most used methods. Finally, an introduction is given to industrial materials to which the mineralogical methods are applied, including the classical fields of cement and concrete, ceramics and glass, various other materials that harvest specific mineral properties (like hardness, density, colour, chemical resistivity, or thermal resistivity), and the novel "smart" materials (based on optical, electric and magnetic properties) that are inspired by mineral materials or for which mineral resources are exploited.

Learning Outcome


The course gives students knowledge of the properties of minerals important for the application of minerals and mineral-like materials, of the most important methods of mineralogical research, and of the fields of application of Mineralogy.



Students will develop basic skills for analyzing inorganic solids, understanding and applying the mineralogical methods and mineral materials.



Through course students will develop competences applicable in work on the mineralogical aspects in materials’ industry, geological investigations, exploitation of natural resources, and environmental protection.


See Absalon for a list of course literature.

A Bachelor's Degree in Geosciences, Physics or Chemistry is recommended.

Academic qualifications equivalent to a BSc degree are recommended.
The form of teaching is theoretical exercises combined with ad hoc lectures. This is supplied with project works that can combine practical laboratory work, literature study of some subjects and practical experiences in combination with a company or an industrially oriented institute.
  • Category
  • Hours
  • Preparation
  • 171
  • Theory exercises
  • 35
  • Total
  • 206
Continuous feedback during the course of the semester

The individual feedback is offered to students during the regular consultation time of the teacher, and as a continuation to the ongoing feedback during the exercises.

7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written assignment
Oral examination, 20 minutes
The written assignment is prepared during the course and must be handed in prior to the exam week. The oral exam uses the written assignment as its point of departure. The exam includes the titles listed in the officially approved reading list. Part-exams are not weighted, and an overall assessment is given after the oral exam.
All aids allowed
Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
External censorship

The written assignment must be handed in prior to the re-examination week. The student has the following options: the student can choose to either hand in a new report, or resubmit the original report from the ordinary exam.

The oral exam uses the written assignment as its point of departure. It includes the titles listed in the officially approved reading list. Part-exams are not weighted, and an overall assessment is is given after the oral exam.'

Criteria for exam assesment

In order to obtain the grade 12 the student should convincingly and accurately demonstrate the knowledge, skills and competences described under Learning Outcome.