NIFK15005U Environmental and Human Health Risk Assessment of Chemicals
MSc Programme in Environmental Science
The purpose of the course is to provide students with an in-depth knowledge of the current risk assessment procedures for chemicals within the European Union.
The course will give a general introduction to underlying values and potential conflicts concerning risk management, including 1) the ethics of risk, the normative content of risk, measurement and comparison of risks, risk communication and risk perception studies; and 2) general risk management principles, including the separation of risk assessment and risk management, principles for acceptable risk and the Precautionary Principle.
The following risk assessment frameworks will be presented: REACH, pesticides, biocides, veterinary medicines and feed additives, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and food additives. For each, the practical implications for conducting risk assessment of a chemical are identified, including the type of data needed for exposure and effect assessments and the requirements for these within the different risk assessment frameworks. Also, the legal structure and the risk management principles underlying each framework will be identified and discussed in the light of alternative risk management options.
The course will conclude by introducing the emerging challenges from new contaminants (e.g., endocrine disruptors, nanomaterials) and cocktail effects.
• Analyze and discuss the principles underlying currently used regulatory frameworks for risk assessment of chemicals within the EU
• Discuss data requirements for human health and environmental risk assessments of chemicals within various risk assessment frameworks
• Discuss potential solutions to emerging challenges for risk assessment and risk management.
• Discuss, apply and critically evaluate methods for effect and exposure assessment of chemicals within the various risk assessment frameworks
• Classify chemicals according to their hazards to humans and the environment
• Identify relevant data for human health and environmental risk assessments of chemicals within the various risk assessment frameworks
• Apply and critically evaluate methods for effect and exposure assessment of chemicals within the various risk assessment frameworks
• Identify the risk management principles underlying specific risk assessment frameworks.
• Identify emerging challenges for specific risk assessment frameworks
• Overview of the following frameworks for chemical risk assessment in the EU: REACH, pesticides, biocides, human medicines, food additives, as well as veterinary medicines, biocides, and feed additives and, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and food additives.
• Identify emerging challenges for risk assessment and risk management, including endocrine disruptors nanoparticles and cocktail effects.
• Overview of the ethics of risk and general risk management principles
• Describe basic findings in risk perception studies
The course literature will be collected in a compendium, which will be available before course start.
Academic qualifications equivalent to a BSc degree is recommended.
- Practical exercises
Continuous personal and collective oral feedback is given during the exercises. Students receive personal written and oral peer feedback on their written assignments as well as personal written and collective oral feedback from the teacher.
- 7,5 ECTS
- Type of assessment
- Written assignment, 12h12 hour take home assignment
- Exam registration requirements
Two mandatory course reports
- All aids allowed
- Marking scale
- 7-point grading scale
- Censorship form
- External censorship
The same as the ordinary exam.
If the student has not handed in the mandatory reports, then they must be handed in three weeks prior to the re-exam. They must be approved before the re-exam.
Criteria for exam assesment
See learning outcome