NFOK13002U CHANGED: Process Analytical Chemistry and Technology

Volume 2018/2019

MSc Programme in Food Science and Technology


Process Analytical Chemistry and Technology (PACT) encompasses a combination of analytical chemistry, process engineering, process chemistry, process spectroscopy and multivariate data analysis – a true multidisciplinary field. The key aspects of PACT include advances in measurement technologies that are applicable for at-line or on-line, real-time, process analysis research or applications.

The use of PACT enables one to gain a deeper understanding of the process (dairy, brewing, other food products, pharmaceuticals etc.). This in turn can lead to more consistent food products, reduced waste, improved manufacturing efficiencies, overall improvement in the use of resources, improved safety, and the reduced costs that can be garnered from each of these.

Measurements can be made to give a direct indication of reaction progress or the composition of a mixture at a given time. This information about the process can be used to make changes to keep a process running within some set limits. With additional process information, and knowledge, there is the possibility of understanding the parameters that impact a process and the product quality (e.g. fat content in cheese, alcohol content in beer, water content in freeze dryed products, API in tablets).

Learning Outcome

The objective is to learn scientific approaches to solving PACT problems. The course will show the student how the individual competences (e.g. analytical chemistry, process engineering, process chemistry, and multivariate data analysis) contribute significantly to PACT.

Apart from learning scientific approaches to solving problems, the student will learn to appreciate knowledge of: problem definition, process description, and validation.

When the course is completed, the student is expected to:


  • Describe fundamental process control theory in relation to monitor and control industrial processes.
  • Describe sampling in relation to extracting, handling, storing and presenting process material for spectroscopic measurements and reference analysis.



  • Plan and execute a scientific analysis of an industrial process.
  • Evaluate, monitor, control and optimize industrial processes.
  • Identify critical control points.
  • Ability to utilize spectroscopy in processes (fibers, probes etc.).
  • Handling of process data (chemometrics).
  • Ability to implement process data into manufacturing information systems.



  • Perform academic work with respect to PACT principles.
  • Critically assess relevant scientific literature and be able to discuss the need for PACT in industry from an academic point of view.

See Absalon for a list of course literature.

Qualifications within the field of advanced chemometrics, quantitiative bio-spectroscopy, design of experiments and optimization and food process equipment is recommended.
The course includes one weekly module with practicals, lectures and seminars. The practicals include small experiments where the students will apply knowledge obtained in the course. The seminars will include theoretical problems that the students are to investigate through scientific literature. The course also includes excursions to industry where PACT is performed on a daily basis.
  • Category
  • Hours
  • Exam
  • 1
  • Excursions
  • 30
  • Lectures
  • 70
  • Practical exercises
  • 20
  • Preparation
  • 55
  • Project work
  • 30
  • Total
  • 206
Continuous feedback during the course of the semester
Feedback by final exam (In addition to the grade)
Peer feedback (Students give each other feedback)
7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Oral examination, 20 min
Examination in curriculum (no preparation time)

After the oral examination an overall grade will be given to the student based on the project report and the oral examination. Weight: Project report 50% and oral examination 50 %
Exam registration requirements


Project report must be handed in as a requirement to take the oral examination.

All aids allowed
Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
External censorship


Same as ordinary exam.

If the project was handed in before the ordinary examination but the overall ordinary examination was not passed then the student can correct the report and hand it in again no later than two weeks before re-exam.

If the project report was not been handed in before the ordinary examination the project report must be handed in no later than two weeks before re-exam.

Criteria for exam assesment

See Learning Outcome