NBIK14018U Terrestrial Ecosystem Processes and Global Change
MSc Programme in Biology
MSc Programme in Biology with a minor subject
MSc Programme in Environmental Science
The aim of the course is to provide the participants with a comprehensive understanding of processes in terrestrial ecosystems, and of effects of global change on processes and organisms. The focus is on carbon, water and nutrient cycling between plants, soil organisms, soil, and atmosphere. This includes lessons in radiation and energy balance, photosynthesis, respiration, water use efficiency and measures of stress, at leaf, plant and canopy level. Belowground processes as plant nutrient uptake and microbial turnover, mobilization and immobilization of nutrients, plant-microbe-animal interactions, plant-soil-atmosphere interactions, rhizosphere processes and mycorrhizal function are also addressed, with focus on the importance of climate and anthropogenically induced climatic changes. Species/community effects on ecosystem processes and temporal dynamics are also addressed. Field and laboratory studies are performed and the results are presented orally and in reports. It is mandatory for the participants to present one or two journal papers with relation to the subjects taught in the lectures, including effects of global change on ecosystems.
The participants will obtain comprehensive understanding of
terrestrial ecosystem processes, and of effects of global
change on pools, processes and organisms. The focus is on
carbon, water and nutrient cycling between plants, soil and
atmosphere. Carbon balance and its components photosynthesis and
respiration is addressed and linked to water use efficiency and
stress physiology and processes at leaf, plant and canopy level.
Belowground processes as decomposition, plant nutrient uptake,
mobilization and immobilization of nutrients, plant-microbe-animal
interactions, rhizosphere processes and mycorrhizal function are
also addressed, with focus on global change aspects.
The participants will obtain insight into the cycling of carbon, water and nutrient cycling between plants, soil, soil organisms and atmosphere, and skills to dissiminate this knowledge to fellow students and non-specialists. This includes experience in relevant methods for data acquisition. Field and laboratory work is performed and the data are presented in a report which includes statistical analysis of data and discussion of results. It is mandatory for the participants to present one or two journal papers with relation to the subjects taught in the lectures.
TThe student will achieve in-depth knowledge of carbon, water and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems and on potential effects of environmental changes on key ecosystem processes. The student will obtain the necessary theoretical insight to be able to understand and comment critically on issues such as effects of climatic change, nitrogen deposition and changed land use on ecosystem function and feedback processes to the environment.
- Class Instruction
- Theory exercises
- Practical exercises
- Project work
Individual feedback to student presentations. Oral feedback to field/lab exercise report.
- 7,5 ECTS
- Type of assessment
- Written examination, 3 hours under invigilation---
- Exam registration requirements
Active participation in the course is required. This includes mandatory presentation of one journal paper in seminar individually or in groups of two, participation in field work (1 day), laboratory work, and presentation and dissemination of one written report of the field and analytical work in groups of 3-5 students. At least 80% presence is required on the summed student presentation+field+lab+report presentation days.
- All aids allowed
- Marking scale
- 7-point grading scale
- Censorship form
- No external censorship
Several internal examiners
Oral examination, 45 minutes without preparation, no aids allowed.
If the requirement is not fulfilled, a written report, which includes statistical analysis of data and discussion of results from field work relevant to the course, must have been made and approved no later than three weeks before the reexamination.
Criteria for exam assesment
In order to obtain the grade 12 the student should convincingly and accurately demonstrate the knowledge, skills and competences described under Learning Outcome.