LOJK10248U Economic Valuation Methods and Cost-Benefit Analysis
MSc Programme in Environmental and Natural Resource Economics
MSc Programme in Agricultural Economics
The many services provided by the environment contribute to
human wellbeing directly as well as indirectly by supporting
productive activities. However, the characteristics of
environmental benefits imply that they cannot usually be traded in
markets. The absence of economic incentives in terms of prices
means that political intervention is required to guarantee a
socially optimal supply of environmental services. Economic
valuation methods and cost-benefit analysis provide tools to assess
the benefits and cost of environmental policies and projects. The
primary purpose is to support environmental policy making.
The core components of the course are:
- Markets and Pareto optimality
- Utility, preferences and welfare measures
- Goods characteristics and value concepts
- Principles for valuing human life and health
- Revealed preference approaches including Travel Cost Methods and Hedonic Value Methods
- Stated preference methods including Contingent Valuation and Choice Modelling
- Benefit transfer
- Cost-benefit analysis
- Standard conversion factor and tax dead-weight loss
- Discounting and risk
- Relevant case studies to illustrate the application of valuation methods and cost-benefit analysis in practice.
The central themes of the course are the methodologies and techniques applied in economic valuation and cost-benefit analyses and the underlying economic theory. Economic valuation and cost-benefit analysis are being increasingly applied as support for environmental policy decisions. These analytical tools are also often applied in the fields of health, transportation and marketing. The skills and competencies acquired in this course are relevant for employment in private companies, public administrations, research, consultancies and non-governmental organisations.
Having successfully completed the course the participant is
expected to be able to:
- Explain the welfare economic principles underlying economic valuation methods and cost-benefit analysis
- Reflect on the validity and limitations of welfare economic theory in political and ethical contexts
- Describe the different economic valuation methods and the analytical approaches to cost-benefit analysis
- Reflect on the relevance and limitations of valuation methods and cost-benefit analysis in relation to various environmental goods and services, human life, etc.
- Identify relevant approaches to economic valuation studies and cost-benefit analyses in specific analytical settings
- Carry out economic valuation and cost-benefit analyses using adequate statistical and quantitative techniques
- Evaluate the validity of the quantitative results obtained in valuation studies and cost-benefit analyses.
- Explain the relevance and limitations of economic valuation methods and cost-benefit analysis in different policy settings
- Discuss scientific and political disagreements in relation to economic valuation and cost-benefit analysis.
See Absalon for the actual list of course literature.
Examples of course literature that has previously been used are:
- Bateman, Ian J. et al.: Economic Valuation with Stated Preference Techniques: A Manual, Edward Elgar.
- Pearce, D., Atkinson, G. and Mourato S.: Cost-benefit analysis and the environment: Recent developments, OECD
- Freeman, A. M.: The Measurement of Environmental and Resource Values, Resources for the Future.
Furthermore, it is recommended that students have acquired basic competences in micro economics (e.g. LOJB10259 or similar courses) as well as econometrics (e.g. LOJK10272 or similar courses)
Academic qualifications equivalent to a BSc degree is recommended.
- Practical exercises
- Theory exercises
Digital quizzes combined with peer feedback
- 7,5 ECTS
- Type of assessment
- Oral examination, 20 minutesThe exam will take approximately 40 minutes per student. First, an exam question is drawn randomly from a pool of questions. The student will then have 20 minutes alone with all aids available to prepare an answer to the exam question. The student will then present his/her answer to the examinators for about 8-10 minutes and the examinators will ask additional questions for another 10-12 minutes. After that, a grade is given based on the oral exam.
- Exam registration requirements
Students have to hand in a small report summarising results from a series of exercises in the last half of the course where they work on a specific case study. The report can be done as group work (maximum 4 students per group). This report has to be approved for students to take the final exam.
- All aids allowed
Computers/tablets are allowed, but any form of online access is strictly prohibited. Failure to comply with this will be considered cheating at the exam.
- Marking scale
- 7-point grading scale
- Censorship form
- No external censorship
One internal examiner
Same as ordinary exam. The same exam registration requirement as for the ordinary exam also applies to the re-exam. Students have to hand in a small report summarising results from a series of exercises in the last half of the course where they work on a specific case study. These exercises will be available in Absalon throughout the period between the end of the course and the time of the re-exam. The report has to be handed in no later than three weeks before the re-exam. The report can be done as group work (maximum 4 students per group). This report has to be approved for students to take the re-exam.
Criteria for exam assesment
The assessment will be based on the student's ability to show in the oral exam that the learning outcomes described above have been acheived.