ASTK18447U Migration and the Welfare State
Full-degree students enrolled at the Department of Political Science, UCPH
MSc in Political Science
MSc in Social Data Science
MSc in Security Risk Management
Bachelor in Political Science
Full-degree students enrolled at the Faculty of Social Science, UCPH
Master Programme in Psychology
Bachelor and Master Programmes in Anthropology
Bachelor and Master Programmes in Sociology
MSc in Social Data Science
The course is open to:
- Exchange and Guest students from abroad
International migration is regularly presented both as a threat and a necessity for contemporary European welfare states. We are used to hearing political arguments regarding scarce resources and financial burdens of immigration, but also those relating to shrinking and ageing populations and the need for foreign workers. In this course, we disentangle the debate on welfare and migration and explore theoretical and empirical connections between the two, with a focus on the European and Danish context.
The course covers the following topics and related theories:
- The relationship between territorial closure, border control and welfare systems
- How welfare and labour market institution shape migration flows, and migration policies, and vice versa.
- The often-assumed challenge to welfare states resulting from immigration, in particular arguments about fiscal burdens and declining public support for public provision (the so called ‘progressive dilemma’), and how this might vary by political and institutional context.
- Welfare states’ reliance for migrant workers, considering in particular dual labour market theory and demographic developments, and how this varies by political and institutional context.
- How welfare states affect migrants’ social rights and wellbeing, and the inclusiveness of different types of welfare states.
- The politics of including and excluding foreigners from social benefits and the notion of ‘welfare chauvinism’.
- Welfare state challenges and opportunities resulting from emigration in countries of origin.
- How several of the above issues apply in the context of EU free movement of persons and workers between national welfare states.
Students can expect a variety of readings from both political science and sociology that employ a range of theoretical approaches.
The course will be taught in English.
Upon completing the course, students should be able to demonstrate:
- knowledge of how social policy and socioeconomic institutions are concretely linked to migration, and vice versa.
- an understanding of key theories and concept relating to the connection between international migration and welfare states
- an understanding of strengths and weaknesses of various theoretical and empirical approaches regarding the relationship between migration and social policy
This course will help student develop their ability to:
- critically and independently engage with concepts and theories and real-world political developments,
- grasp broader structural contexts in which political developments take place,
- develop independent critical questions and arguments.
- critical thinking
- analytical skills
- independent and collaborative work
- oral and written communication
Examples of readings:
- Afonso (2019) Migrant Workers or Working Women? Comparing Labour Supply Policies in Post-War Europe, Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, 21(3): 251-269
- Alesina, A. and Glaeser, E. (2004) Fighting Poverty in the US and Europe: A World of Difference. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pages: Ch 6: ‘Race and Redistribution’.
- Albrekt Larsen, C. (2020). The institutional logic of giving migrants access to social benefits and services. Journal of European Social Policy, 30(1): 48–62.
- Banting, K. and Kymlicka, W. (2007) Multiculturalism and the welfare state. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp: 1-30.
- Bay, A-H., Finseraas, H. and Pedersen, A. W. (2013) Welfare Dualism in Two Scandinavian Welfare States: Public Opinion and Party Politics, West European Politics, 36(1): 199-220.
- Bruzelius, C., Reinprecht, C., Seeleib-Kaiser, M. (2017) Stratified Social Rights Limiting EU Citizenship, JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 5(6): 1239-1253.
- Careja R, Elmelund-Praestekaer C, Baggesen Klitgaard M, et al. (2016) Direct and indirect welfare chauvinism as party strategies: an analysis of the Danish People’s Party. Scandinavian Political Studies, 39(4): 435–457.
- De Jong, P., & De Valk, H. (2019). Intra-European migration decisions and welfare systems: The missing life course link. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 46:9, 1773-1791.
- Freeman, G. P. (1986) Migration and the political economy of the welfare state. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 485 (May): 51–63.
- Germano, R. (2018) Outsourcing welfare. Oxford, OUP, Ch 1: Remittances and Austerity.
- Guiraoudon, V. (2000) ’The Marshallian triptych reordered. The role of courts and bureaucracies in furthering migrants’ social rights.’ In M. Bommes and A. Geddes, (eds.) Immigration and Welfare: Challenging the borders of the welfare state. London: Routledge.
- Kalm, S., and Lindvall, J. (2019). Immigration policy and the modern welfare state, 1880–1920. Journal of European Social Policy, 29(4): 463–477.
- Kurekova, L. (2013). Welfare Systems as Emigration Factor: Evidence from the New Accession States. Journal of Common Market Studies, 51(4): 721–739.
- Piperno, F. (2011). The Impact of Female Emigration on Families and the Welfare State in Countries of Origin: The Case of Romania. International Migration 50(5), pp. 189-204.
- Sainsbury, D. (2006) Immigrants Social Rights in Comparative Perspective. Journal of European Social Policy, 16(3): 229-244.
- van Hooren, F. J. (2012) Varieties of migrant care work: Comparing patterns of migrant labour in social care, Journal of European Social Policy, 25(5): 489-504.
- Van Oorschot, W. (2000) Who should get what, and why. Policy and Politics, 28(1): 33-49.
- Class Instruction
When registered you will be signed up for exam.
- Full-degree students – sign up at Selfservice on KUnet
- Exchange and guest students from abroad – sign up through Mobility Online and Selfservice
- Credit students from Danish universities - sign up through this website.
- Open University students - sign up through this website.
The dates for the exams are found here Exams – Faculty of Social Sciences - University of Copenhagen (ku.dk)
Please note that it is your own responsibility to check for overlapping exam dates.
- 7,5 ECTS
- Type of assessment
- Type of assessment details
- Marking scale
- 7-point grading scale
- Censorship form
- No external censorship
- In the semester where the course takes place: Free written assignment
- In subsequent semesters: Free written assignment
Criteria for exam assesment
Criteria for exam assessment:
Grade 12 is given for an outstanding performance: the student lives up to the course's goal description in an independent and convincing manner with no or few and minor shortcomings
Grade 7 is given for a good performance: the student is confidently able to live up to the goal description, albeit with several shortcomings
Grade 02 is given for an adequate performance: the minimum acceptable performance in which the student is only able to live up to the goal description in an insecure and incomplete manner
- Course code
- 7,5 ECTS
- Full Degree MasterBachelor
- 1 semester
- Department of Political Science, Study Council
- Department of Political Science
- Department of Anthropology
- Department of Psychology
- Social Data Science
- Department of Sociology
- Faculty of Social Sciences
- Cecilia Bruzelius (4-67667679446d6a77326f7932686f)