LPLK10360U From Plants to Bioenergy
MSc Programme in Agriculture
MSc Programme in Biology-Biotechnology
MSc Programme in Forest and Nature Management
MSc Programme in Environmental Science
This international course is based on the premise that demands
are set by EU and globally for utilization of bioenergy in
transportation by converting lignocellulosic biomass into ethanol
and other liquid energy carriers. There is a demand for candidates
that have sufficient understanding of the molecular breeding and
carbohydrate chemistry to develop technologies for this new
direction in the roadmap of biofuel study and production. Topics
• Carbon and Nitrogen partitioning
• Cell wall components and their structure
• Molecular plant breeding strategies for biomass target traits
• Process enzymology
• Chemistry and physics of carbohydrates and lignocelluloses
• Conversion technologies for biomass to energy carriers
• Biomass crop production in temperate and tropical area
The course will provide the theoretical basis for understanding carbon and nitrogen sequestration in plants, the biosynthesis and structure of type I and type II plant cell walls, introduction to enzymes for plant polymer conversion and methods for processing and conversion of biomass into solid and liquid carriers. The principles of forward and reverse genetics will be provided and strategies for utilizing candidate genes in molecular breeding for plants with improve biomass conversion potential presented. The perspectives for biomass crop production in temperate and tropical areas will be discussed and put in a socio-economics and environmental context.
• Describe the structure and biochemistry of carbohydrates, cellulose, ligno-cellulose
• Give an overview of enzymes implicated in the biosynthesis of plant cell walls
• Describe molecular breeding towards altering biomass make-up
• Describe the function of hydrolytic enzymes important for plant polymer conversion
• Summarize processing and conversion of biomass to solid and liquid energy carriers
• Compare differences in cell wall structure and composition between plant species
• Apply reverse genetic tools to modify biomass composition
• Identify target genes encoding enzymes relevant for bioconversion
• Participate in academic discussions on sustainability of bioenergy production systems
• Assessment of C- and N- sequestration in different crop plants in response to growth condition
• Evaluate feasibility of forward and reverse genetics of improved biomass conversion
• Propose an ideal crop plant for bioenergy
Compendium of articles, laboratory notes and mongraphs. Further information will be available on Absalon.
- Practical exercises
- Theory exercises
- 7,5 ECTS
- Type of assessment
- Written examination, 4 hours under invigilationWritten examination
- Exam registration requirements
Participation in 80% of teaching activity, which includes lectures, lab exercises, poster preparation and excursions.
- All aids allowed
NB: If the exam is held at the ITX, the ITX will provide you a computer. Private computer, tablet or mobile phone CANNOT be brought along to the exam. Books and notes should be brought on paper or saved on a USB key.
- Marking scale
- 7-point grading scale
- Censorship form
- External censorship
As the ordinary exam.
If 10 or fewer register for the reexamination the examination form will be oral.
There cannot be dispensated for the requirement of laboratory exercises, and students who do not fulfil the requirement has to follow the course the following study year.
Criteria for exam assesment
See learning outcome