SVEK13001U  Veterinary Paraclinics

Volume 2015/2016
Education

MSc Programme in Veterinary Medicine - compulsory

Content

Clinical microbiology (bacteriology, parasitology and mycology) with focus on diagnosis of infectious agents, performance and interpretation of antibiotic and parasiticide (antimicrobial) susceptibility testing and rational use of antimicrobials to minimize development of resistance and maximize clinical efficacy.

Clinical Pathology haematology, clinical chemistry, diagnostic cytology, urinalysis, faecal analysis, haemostasis, endocrinology, etc · Overview of tests · The clinical pathology laboratory in veterinary practice· Pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical variation· Practicals in clinical pathology· Application of tests · Sampling strategies and results interpretation

Learning Outcome

The purpose of this propaedeutic course is to provide students with the knowledge, skills and competences required to manage clinical cases through collection of appropriate clinical specimens and correct interpretation of laboratory data as the fundamental basis for diagnosis and therapy. As such, the course relates to the Danish Act of veterinarians (Lov om dyrlæger (Lov nr. 433 af 09/06-2004) §12 stk. 1, pkt.. 2). By this course, the student shall acquire:

Knowledge: 
·Explain how to address and/or counteract common causes for variation in the results of diagnostic tests. 
·Explain functions and main disorders of erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets; and the appropriate procedures to evaluate these cells in a blood smear. 
·Interpret common clinical pathological and microbiological test results. 
·Explain the principles of routine diagnostic methods. 
·Explain the principles of use of serological tests in surveillance of disease. 
·Explain how and why antimicrobial agents should be used rationally. 
·Explain the mechanism by which different antimicrobial classes act on bacteria and parasites. 
·Explain the mechanisms by which bacteria become resistant to different antimicrobial classes. 
·Explain the societal relevance of antimicrobial resistance, including implications to public health, animal welfare and healthcare costs..

Skills: 
·Prepare a blood smear. 
·Identify healthy and abnormal erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets. 
·Perform a leukocyte differential count. 
·Perform urinalysis (sticks, refractometry, sediment analysis). 
·Assess quality of cytological specimens. 
·Identify and classify inflammatory reactions in cytological specimens.

Identify and classify neoplastic tissue types and criteria of malignancy in cytological specimens.
·Identify and characterize bacteria by phenotypic and genotypic methods. 
·Perform and interpret antimicrobial susceptibility tests. 
·Detect multidrug-resistant bacteria of clinical interest

Competences: 
·Behave in a safe way in a laboratory 
·Perform clear case reports 
·Choose appropriate samples and methods for laboratory analysis

Clinical microbiology:   
Guardabassi et al. Guide to antimicrobial use in animals 
Veterinary clinical pathology: 
Fundamentals of Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 2.ed. (eds. Stockham & Scott), 2008, ISBN: 9780813800769. Small animal clinical diagnosis by laboratory methods, 4ed. (eds. Willard & Tvedten), 2003, Saunders (ISBN-10: 0-7216-8903-5).

Approved course certificate of course Medicin, kirurgi og reproduktion - mindre husdyr SVEK13005 Medicin, kirurgi og reproduktion - store husdyr SVEK13004.
Lectures are conceived to activate the student’s prior knowledge on which to build on; to present overviews of specific topics; and to introduce topics relevant to the performance of practical exercises. Supervised work includes e-learning and guided cases to facilitate learning of practical skills and to activate the students in order to facilitate learning relevant principles and clinical problem-solving in a laboratory context. Practicals are meant to facilitate learning of relevant laboratory methods in clinical microbiology and clinical pathology.
Lectures, theoretical and practical exercises, case-study work.
Credit
7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Practical written examination, 1 hour
Examination at the Department. Students will be presented with one text and/or image, diagnostic tests, and/or a practical skills test and/or clinical microbiology diagnostic in order to assess the knowledge and practical skills learned in the course. Re-examination will concern the same themes.
Exam registration requirements

Students have to participate at least 80 % of the practical course in order to obtain approved course certificate. Both, approved course certificate and a passed examination are required to pass the course.
Students may attend examination without approval of course certificate.

Aid
Without aids
Marking scale
passed/not passed
Censorship form
No external censorship
More than one internal examiner
Criteria for exam assesment

Knowledge: 
·Explain how to address and/or counteract common causes for variation in the results of diagnostic tests. 
·Explain functions and main disorders of erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets; and the appropriate procedures to evaluate these cells in a blood smear. 
·Interpret common clinical pathological and microbiological test results. 
·Explain the principles of routine diagnostic methods.  
·Explain the principles of use of serological tests in surveillance of disease. 
·Explain how and why antimicrobial agents should be used rationally. 
·Explain the mechanism by which different antimicrobial classes act on bacteria and parasites. 
·Explain the mechanisms by which bacteria become resistant to different antimicrobial classes. 
·Explain the societal relevance of antimicrobial resistance, including implications to public health, animal welfare and healthcare costs..

Skills: 
·Prepare a blood smear. 
·Identify healthy and abnormal erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets. 
·Perform a leukocyte differential count. 
·Perform urinalysis (sticks, refractometry, sediment analysis). 
·Assess quality of cytological specimens. 
·Identify and classify inflammatory reactions in cytological specimens.

Identify and classify neoplastic tissue types and criteria of malignancy in cytological specimens.
·Identify and characterize bacteria by phenotypic and genotypic methods. 
·Perform and interpret antimicrobial susceptibility tests. 
·Detect multidrug-resistant bacteria of clinical interest

Competences: 
·Behave in a safe way in a laboratory 
·Perform clear case reports 
·Choose appropriate samples and methods for laboratory analysis

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Lectures
  • 36
  • Theory exercises
  • 20
  • Practical exercises
  • 40
  • Preparation
  • 90
  • Exam
  • 1
  • E-Learning
  • 20
  • Total
  • 207