NIGK15002U Aerial and Near-field Remote Sensing

Volume 2015/2016

MSc Programme in Geography and Geoinformatics


The course teaches fundamental understanding of the use of drones and fixed/mobile camera systems for detailed photography and 3D modeling of different surface types. We evaluate relevant planning tools for mapping, monitoring of ecosystems, land use and calculation of areas/volumes, both in urban areas and in the open landscape. The course aims to provide a theoretical and practical understanding of the above topics through lectures, exercises and field work.


Learning Outcome


Emphasis will be put in understanding the theory of photogrammetry, the organisation of flight campaigns with drones, camera setup and sensor calibration. Moreover, the course will provide thorough knowledge of related software and hardware used for post-processing of the collected data.



Students can expect to obtain a general understanding of the following topics


- Historical development of Arial and Near-field Remote Sensing

- Selection of camerasystems for various spatio-temporal monitoring

- Planning of UAV-flights: flying altitude, weather conditions, coverage area, legislation etc.

- UAV - helicopter/fixed-wing versus fixed camera setups - pros and cons

- Digital cameras spectral response functions and geometry, including wide/narrow angle, possibilities and limitations.

- Planning of and software for flight control and camera control

- Planning of and software for camera control of fixed or mobile setups

- Camera orientation and use of relative and absolute control points in terrain

- Structure from motion and aerotriangulation for generating digital elevation models and ortho photos

- Thermal Imagers - the uses and limitations

- Involvement of experience from practice


The course has an objective to make use of the relevant techniques in both natural and social aspects of the landscape. Obtained competences are consequently: a combined theoretical and applied understanding of used methods, project- and mission planning as well as image processing.

Please see Absalon course page

BSc in Geography and Geoinformatics or equivalent
The form of teaching is theory exercises combined with ad hoc lectures and field trips. For the teaching plan, please see Absalon.
  • Category
  • Hours
  • Preparation
  • 136
  • Project work
  • 35
  • Theory exercises
  • 35
  • Total
  • 206
7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written assignment
Oral examination, 20 min
The written assignment is prepared during the course and must be handed in prior to the exam week. The oral exam uses the written assignment as its point of departure. It includes the titles listed in the officially approved reading list
All aids allowed
Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
No external censorship
Several internal examiners.
Criteria for exam assesment

Please see learning outcome.