HIEB00462U  Hittitisk Grammatik

Årgang 2013/2014
Engelsk titel

Hittite Elementary Grammar


This course is planned to provide students with a detailed picture of the languages of second millennium BC in Anatolia in line with the goals set for the curriculum in Indo-European Linguistics.

Hittite is a member of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European family, and the earliest attested Indo-European language. Anatolian is generally regarded as the first branch to have separated from the other Indo-European languages. Aside from Hittite it includes Luwian (Cuneiform and Hieroglyphic) and Palaic, all from the second millennium BC, and Hieroglyphic Luwian, Lycian, Lydian, and the scantily attested Carian, Pisidian, and Sidetic in the first millennium BC.

This Hittite Elementary Grammar course is tought to be a useful tool for students of linguistics curricula who want to have an introductory overview of the elements of the Hittite language and writing. It gives the necessary cultural and historical background as well as suggestions for further reading. It also explains the principles of the cuneiform writing system used by the Hittites. In every lesson are presented:

  1. Nouns and adjectives
  2. Pronouns
  3. Verbs
  4. Syntax, semantics,      word formation
  5. Phonology
  6. Sumerian and/or      Akkadian logograms
  7. Numerals
  8. Cuneiform signs.

The main goal of this course is to provide students with the elements of the Hittite language. This will be achieved through:

1)     An introductive overview of the Indo-European languages of the second millennium (BC) Anatolia;

2)    The study of the basic Hittite grammar;

3)    A philological training of Hittite cuneiform writing system.

1)     van den Hout, Th. P. J., The Elements of Hittite, Cambridge, 2011. (R)

2)    Hoffner, H. A. & Melchert, H. C., A Grammar of the Hittite Language. Part 1: Reference Grammar; Part 2: Tutorial, Winona Lake, Indiana, 2008. (R)

3)    Rüster, C. & Neu, E., Hethitisches Zeichenlexikon. Inventar und Interpretation der Keilschriftzeichen aus den Boğazköy-Texten, (StBoT Beiheft 2), Wiesbaden, 1989. (R)

4)    Melchert, H. C., Anatolian historical phonology, (Leiden Studies in Indo-Europaean 3) Amsterdam – Atlanta, 1994. (S)

5)    Kloekhorst, A., Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon, (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series 5), Leiden, 2007. (S)

R= required

S= suggested

N.B. The teacher will provide students with all the material needed for this course (handouts, standard sign list of cuneiform signs, digital copies of books and dictionaries [according to the 25% copyright rules])


General lectures: interaction with students according to the US-teaching system.
Please note that all lectures are compulsory and that students are strongly encouraged to submit to final examinations.
Free oral exam with synopsis based on a syllabus of approx. 2000 pages (end of term, mid-May, exam in June).
For study abroad and exchange students: exams may be arranged according to the requirements of your home institution
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