AØKA08061U International Monetary Economics

Volume 2013/2014
MSc in Economics
This course focuses on issues in international money and finance using a macroeconomic approach where the price of foreign exchange is determined by macroeconomic relationships. Key topics include foreign exchange markets, exchange rate determination and links among interest rates, prices and exchange rates (parity conditions). Other topics include the history of the international monetary system, exchange rate management, optimum currency areas, currency crisis management and speculative attack, credibility and decision-making in the context of international monetary policy.

The main theme of this course is to combine theoretical models with empirical testing. Throughout the course, we first present a particular theoretical model and then we turn to the data and test whether the predictions (or assumptions underlying the theory) are consistent with actual behavior.
Learning Outcome

After completion of the course, students should be able to

  • describe how the foreign exchange market is organized and how trades take place in the market;
  • describe the institutional features of the foreign exchange market products (spot and forward contracts) and be able to distinguish between speculation and arbitrage;
  • describe and explain Covered Interest Rate Parity (CIP), Uncovered Interest Rate Parity (UIP), and Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) and be able to summarize the empirical evidence on these parity conditions;
  • describe the main models of exchange rate determination (the Monetary approach to the exchange rate, Dornbusch overshooting model, the portfolio balance model and Lucas asset pricing model) and use these models to analyze the effects of monetary and fiscal policy on the exchange rate, and summarize the empirical evidence on these models;
  • describe and use Mundell-Fleming models to analyze the effects of economic policy under both flexible and fixed exchange rates;
  • explain and describe the main characteristics of the European Monetary Union;
  • explain the theory of optimum currency area and apply this theory to the analysis of the European Monetary Union;
  • describe, explain and compare first-, second- and third-generation models of currency crises and apply these models to analyze actual currency crises;
  • continue to undertake further study of international finance with a high degree of autonomy.

The course provides students with competences that relate primarily to international financial management and international economic policy. For example how a financial manager or policymaker should use his/her knowledge of international financial markets to address questions such as: How to evaluate international projects and exploit differences in the cost of capital? How a policymaker should use his/her knowledge to answer questions such as: How are exchange rates determined and how do economic policy affect exchange rates? What are the main advantages/disadvantages of international cooperation such as the European Monetary Union? What explains why there are currency crises and how do we prevent future crises?


Pilbeam K., (2006), International Finance, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, fourth edition. (ch. 1, 6-10, 16-18)

Sarno L. and M.P. Taylor, (2002), The Economics of Exchange Rates, Cambridge University Press, 2002. (Ch. 2-4, 6).


Aghion, P., P. Bacchetta and A. Banerjee, (2001), “Currency crises and monetary policy in an economy with credit constraints,” European Economic Review, 45:1121–1150.

Bergman, U.M. and S. Hassan, (2008), “Currency Crises and Monetary Policy in an Economy with Credit Constraints: The No Interest Parity Case,” EPRU Working Paper Series No. 2008-01.

Bergman, U.M., Y-W Cheung and K. S. Lai, (2007), “The Common-Trend and Transitory Dynamics in Real Exchange Rate Fluctuations,” manuscript.

Dornbusch, R. (1976), “Expectations and Exchange Rate Dynamics,” Journal of Political Economy, 84:1161-1176.

Fama , E.F., (1984), “Forward and spot exchange rates,” Journal of Monetary Economics, 14:319-338.

McKinnon, R.I., (1963), “Optimum Currency Areas,” American Economic Review, 53:717-725.

Mundell, R.A., (1961), “A Theory of Optimum Currency Area,” American Economic Review, 51:657-665.

Thornton, D.L. (1989), “Tests of Covered Interest Rate Parity,” Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review, 71:55-66.

Total number of pages: 450

Prior to enrolling in this course, students should have taken at least second year microeconomics and macroeconomics. The course also requires a good grasp of econometrics and mathematics.
3 hours of lectures per week for 14 weeks.
  • Category
  • Hours
  • Exam
  • 3
  • Lectures
  • 42
  • Preparation
  • 161
  • Total
  • 206
7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written examination, 3 hours under invigilation
3 hours written exam taking place at Peter Bangs Vej 36.
Exam registration requirements
Two homework assignments have to be completed and approved.
Without aids
Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
External censorship
100 % censurship
Exam period
Will be updated before the start of the semester
Same as ordinary. But if only a few students have registered for the re-exam, the exam might change to an oral exams with a synopsis to be handed in. This means that the examination date also will change.
Criteria for exam assesment
The Student must in a satisfactory way demonstrate that he/she has mastered the learning outcome of the course.