NIGK16000U Applied Ecosystem Ecology
MSc Programme in Nature Management
MSc Programme in Environmental Science
MSc Programme in Biology
The central idea of the course is to study the mechanisms and processes that control ecosystem functioning via interactions between organisms, the environment and human activities. Using a system ecology approach we will analyze systems from the global scale through the ecosystem to the scale of the soil microenvironment in order to understand the background of fundamental services that ecosystems provide. We will analyze the influence and impact of human activities including different land uses, pollution and climate change, as well as potential climate change mitigation strategies including bioenergy production. Through theoretical exercises students will learn how to apply the knowledge obtained during the course, e.g. to evaluate various environmental footprints of human activities and perform sustainability assessments of climate change mitigation strategies. The course will end with a course “conference” where student will present and discuss the concepts of planetary boundaries and the sustainable use of global resources. The core elements of the course are:
The functioning of the Globe and the three spheres (atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere)
Characteristics and differences of the global cycles of major elements (C, N, P and S) and their interactions
The triangle of organisms, processes and the environment
Succession, diversity and ecosystem functioning and how this affects stability, resistance and resilience of ecosystems
- Evaluation of impacts of human activitiesthrough qualitative and quantitative assessment of the flow of energy and matter through ecosystems
The aim of the course is to give a solid understanding of ecosystem ecology focusing on the role of living organisms for the flow of matter and energy at various scales and the interactions with human activities and climate change. After completing the course students should be able to:
- Describe the overall global functioning of the three spheres (atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere), including the global climate system and global cycling cycling of elements
- Discuss the role of organisms, trophic levels, and diversity for the flow of matter and energy and overall ecosystem functioning
- Describe the interactions between land use, species composition, and ecosystem functioning
- Explain how land-use affects the exchange of biogenic greenhouse gases between atmosphere and biosphere
- Describe the importance of scale for ecosystem functioning from soil aggregate to global scale
- Work qualitatively and quantitatively with ecosystem functioning, environmental impacts, and nature quality
- Analyze the diversity of the main groups of organisms and its relation to functioning of the environment
- Analyze how different biomes have different conditions and therefore different threats to their optimal functioning
- Formulate aims and guiding principles for the use and protection of ecosystems, their functioning and biotic composition
- Evaluate the effect of human activities on the environments and their functions to provide services to the surroundings and to the human society
- Analyze, put into perspective, and criticize original research papers and reports
- Perform effective written and oral presentations of acquired knowledge and ideas
Selected scientific papers and book chapters (see Absalon).
- 7,5 ECTS
- Type of assessment
- Written examination, 4 hours under invigilation...
- Exam registration requirements
In order to be allowed to the final exam, the student should have participated actively in the course by being present at least for 80% of the lab demonstrations, theoretical exercises and discussion classes. The student should further have given a satisfactory oral presentation based on relevant literature and a satisfactory oral opponent performance to another student presentation.
If the requirement of 80% attendance at the lab demonstrations, theoretical exercises and discussion classes is not fulfilled, the student must take the course again the next year.
- All aids allowed
NB: If the exam is held at the ITX, the ITX will provide you a computer. Private computer, tablet or mobile phone CANNOT be brought along to the exam. Books and notes should be brought on paper or saved on a USB key.
- Marking scale
- 7-point grading scale
- Censorship form
- No external censorship
Several internal examiners
Oral examination (20 minutes) with prepation time (20 minutes) and all aids.
Criteria for exam assesment
See learning outcome.
- Project work
- Theory exercises
- Field Work