NIGK14000U Conservation and Management of Genetic Resources
MSc Programme in Agriculture
MSc Programme in Sustainable Development in Agriculture (Agris Mundus)
MSc Programme in Forest and Nature Management
Evolution and dynamics of biodiversity:
Evolution of diversity at the species, population and individual level; population dynamics and corresponding genetic processes; ecological processes and adaptation; ecotypes; resistance and co-evolution between plants and associated pests; inbreeding, genetic drift, and erosion; domestication and early improvement of crop and forest plants.
Genetic resources and their use:
Characterisation of genetic resources for domestication, breeding and cultivation; introduction to breeding methods applied in crop and tree breeding, and their implications for management of genetic resources.
Management and conservation:
Effect of land use, agriculture, forestry, breeding, and biotechnology on biodiversity and genetic resources, ex-situ, in-situ, dynamic, and static methods for conservation of genetic resources; management of gene banks and gene conservation reserves. Ecosystem restoration.
Genetic resources and climate change:
The role of genetic resources in relation to climate change. Aspects of assisted migration and increase of adaptive potential towards extreme climatic events; new pests and pathogens.
A broad range of genetic resources will be included in the course, ranging from wild plants and relatives of cultivated plants, landraces and old varieties. The cases include forest trees, horticultural and agricultural crops from both tropical and temperate conditions.
The objectives include providing an overview of the importance
of genetic resources and how natural and human-induced processes
create and erode these, to discuss how loss of genetic diversity
can be predicted, characterized, measured and avoided, to
discuss gene conservation as part of integrated biodiversity
conservation, and to present and discuss sustainable strategies for
management and conservation of genetic resources.
After completing the course the student should be able to:
- Identify natural and human processes creating and eroding biodiversity and genetic resources.
- Describe domestication regions of major agricultural and horticultural crops.
- Overview methods to characterize, use, conserve, and manage biodiversity and genetic resources.
- Reflect about ethical values associated with biodiversity and genetic resources.
- Demonstrate an overview of the topics presented and discussed in the course.
- Present and discuss contents of selected scientific articles within the subject field.
- Participate in discussions of presentations during the course.
- Communicate in writing the results of an analysis of a selected topic within the subject field.
- Apply theory to cases of biodiversity and genetic resource concern.
- Ability to predict and assess risks of genetic degradation and develop plans for sustainable use and/or conservation.
- Make ethical considerations related to conservation and use of biodiversity and genetic resources for present and future generations.
- Evaluate the importance of genetic resources in relation to adaptation to climate change.
Selected scientific papers, book chapters, and case studies will read during the course.
- 7,5 ECTS
- Type of assessment
- Continuous assessmentThree examinations are held during the course:
1st examination: A 1 hour written examination.
2nd examination: A 1 hour written examination.
3rd examination: Hand-in of a synopsis, followed by an oral presentation.
The examinations each count 1/3 of the final mark.
- Only certain aids allowed
Selected scientific papers and book chapters
- Marking scale
- 7-point grading scale
- Censorship form
- No external censorship
Several internal examiners.
20 minutes oral examination with 20 minutes preparation time.
Criteria for exam assesment
See learning outcome.
- Theory exercises
- Project work