NFYK12004U  Applications of X-ray and Neutron Scattering in Biology, Chemistry and Physics

Volume 2017/2018

With the upcoming facilities MAX-IV and ESS in Lund the overall goal of this course is to make students aware of the potential of these large-scale facilities on their own research.

  • Introduction to scattering methods, diffraction, small angle scattering, X-ray absorption spectroscopy (EXAFS), inelastic neutron scattering, including examples from biological and soft matter, materials chemistry and physics
  • Development of an intuitive view of the application of these scattering methods to solve the students own research questions
  • Hands-on exercise, including proposal writing, data analysis and presentation of data
  • Hands-on experiments at the DTU Imaging facility and at MAX-IV (the latter to be confirmed)
  • Tour of MAX-IV and ESS.
Learning Outcome


The student is expected to develop on a concrete knowledge of the basic concepts of scattering as well as of the experimental process and data analysis.

The evaluation will be based on the level of understanding shown by the student during the oral presentation and the written report to be handled at the end of the course.



  • Understanding of the physical principles for X-ray and neutron scattering, including elastic, inelastic, coherent and incoherent scattering as well as transmission and absorption processes
  • Basic knowledge of the different experimental methods used at large scale facilities



  • Be able to perform simple data analysis on data collected at large scale facilities
  • Be able to participate in experiments at large scale facilities
  • Be able to apply scattering techniques to own research by: clearly communicating orally the need of large scale facilities and by preparing his/her own application for beam time for a large scale facility

will be announced in Absalon

Basic knowledge in solid-state physics and understanding of scattering techniques is advisable. If the student does not have such knowledge she/he should contact the course responsible asking for basic literature.
Full days (8 hours incl. lunch) with alternating lectures and problem solving sessions. If experiments take place at MAX-IV, there may be night work for some groups. The course includes a trip to Lund to visit MAX-IV and the ESS construction site.
1. To easy the follow up of this course some Math exercises will be posted online one week before the course start to allow the students to freshen up. Math classes will also be offered in the afternoon during the first two days of the course.

2. To facilitate students’ participation a pre-requisite for this course is the submission of a short-bio describing their scientific interests during the week preceding the course start. An example will be posted in Absalon.

3. The course is run in collaboration between University of Copenhagen, Technical University of Denmark, Lund University and Roskilde University.

Feedback will be given during individual meetings, where the teacher responsible discusses in a one-to-one setting with the student. The goal is to adjust expectations to build confidence and inquisitive experience throughout the course.

7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written assignment, two weeks
Final report based either on experiments or on a beam time proposal must be written and approved.
Exam registration requirements

The student must participate 80 % of the time, make an oral presentation during the course and deliver a short-bio one week prior to the course start.

All aids allowed
Marking scale
passed/not passed
Censorship form
No external censorship
Several internal examiners (including the course responsible)

A new final report must be written. The requirements for participation (including experiments) cannot be ignored. Students who do not meet the requirement should therefore follow the course again the following year. Students who have not delivered the short-bio and/or oral presentation should contact the course responsible in order to arrange to deliver these before the re-exam.

Criteria for exam assesment

See Learning Outcome

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Lectures
  • 50
  • Practical exercises
  • 20
  • Theory exercises
  • 26
  • Preparation
  • 50
  • Exam
  • 40
  • E-Learning
  • 20
  • Total
  • 206