LNAA10089U Theories of Urban Planning and Governance
MSc Programme in Landscape Architecture
This course is about urban planning and governance in a complex,
disorderly and dynamic planning situation. The course focuses on
recent theories about urban planning and public governance to
understand the processes of planning and the political and
administrative context of urban design. New paradigms like
relational planning and complexity planning, and theories about new
forms of organisation and about new roles for politicians,
planners, developers, citizens etc. illustrate efforts to
comprehend the complex planning conditions in (post)modern
societies. The course concentrates on three main themes of great
importance for contemporary planning:
• Conceptualising relational planning in complex urban contexts
• New forms of organisations and cooperation in urban planning practices
• Democratic planning and participation
Cases from planning practices in Danish regions and municipalities will be used to illustrate the influence of different planning and governance paradigms and different forms of organisations and roles in planning practices. Planning practices could be both plans and projects. E.g. the development of: a regional climate strategy, a municipal plan strategy, a project for a residential area or former industrial area into new functions, a transport or a landscape plan etc. How are the processes organised? Who are involved and why? What are the political conditions for the projects and how does politics and public administration influence the project? What is the role of the planners and the designers? How is the cooperation between designers, developers and citizens organised? Etc.
Course aims: Students will afterwards know and be able to use the knowledge about different forms of planning and governance processes in a critical-reflective way in their own design and planning practices.
Student will obtain an overview of advanced approaches, theories and discussions about (post)modern planning and governance processes, understand central points of discussion within the theories and in practice and their effect on the development of contemporary cities.
- Students will be able describe and characterize the main differences between planning paradigms: e.g. Rational planning, Collaborative Planning and Strategic/Relational Planning
- Students will be able to compare and
characterize two different modes of governance: Hierarchical
government and network governance in relation to 1) democratic
norms, 2) the role of planners, politicians, citizens and other
private actors, 3) The involved knowledge forms and 4) the
- Students will be able to explain the development from rational to relational planning in relation to the general developments in society as well as reflect on how the paradigms affects the development of contemporary cities.
The students will be able to use the knowledge in a critical-reflective way and to develop positions of their own. They will be able to show this ability in their way of handling and organising planning processes in practice.
- Students will be able to present texts on planning theory and deduce the main characteristics and points of discussions.
- Students will be able to initiate and facilitate a discussion of theoretical concepts in relation to contemporary urban development
- Students will be able to analyze a contemporary planning process in relation to planning paradigm(s) and governance form(s) in a written group assignment
- Students will be able to plan a participatory process that is in accordance with the goals and scope of a specific urban plan, and be able to argue for whom and how to involve relating to both democratic norms and pragmatic considerations.
The students shall be able to use theoretical points of reference when making their own projects and when relating to issues of contemporary planning processes in a critical-reflective way.
Teaching material will be selected academic articles as well as policy documents from contemporary planning projects. The material will be available in Absalon.
- 7,5 ECTS
- Type of assessment
- Written assignment, during courseOral examination, 20 minutes1) Group assignment by means of which the theories dealt with during the course are applied to a contemporary planning case. Weight: 30%
2) Oral examination based on assignment and course literature. Weight: 70%
The written assignment is prepared during the course and must be handed in prior to the exam week. The oral exam uses the written assignment as its point of departure. It includes the titles listed in the officially approved reading list. A combined grade is given after the oral exam.
- All aids allowed
- Marking scale
- 7-point grading scale
- Censorship form
- No external censorship
Several internal examiners
Re-examination follows the same form as the ordinary exam.
If the student has been unable to participate in the group work during the course and hence unable to deliver the group assignment, the group assignment can be substituted by an individual assignment applying theories relating to 1-2 course themes to a contemporary planning case, which must be handed in 3 work days before scheduled oral examination.
Criteria for exam assesment
See learning outcome
- Project work