ASOA15016U Conflict and Peacemaking in Divided Societies
BSc/MSc Elective course
Course package (MSc 2015):
Knowledge, organisation and politics.
Although violence and group conflict is hardly new, over the past decades that has followed the end of the Cold War, nationalism and ethnic conflict has replaced ideological competition as the main source of strife within and between nation-states. Violence between ethnic groups, religious communities, and clans has shaken countries and regions across the globe. Most of the violent conflicts taking place in the world today are framed in cultural terms, as ethnic, nationalist, or religious. In many cases, these conflicts have spilled over the borders of states, threatening regional security and, some scholars argue, even world order. Even in the supposed "nation-states" of the "First World," where populations were once thought to be unified by a common national identity, cultural conflict has emerged as a major political issue for example the rise of secessionist movements and an array of right-wing anti-immigrant parties. Throughout the world, minority groups have become increasingly assertive, demanding recognition and rights, while the powerful, seeking to protect their positions, have responded with repression and violence.
The increasing frequency and deadliness of nationalist conflict at the international and the intrastate level, from mass expulsions to state-sponsored genocide, has prompted international and humanitarian interventions that have challenged time-honoured norms of state Sovereignty and its integrity. However, despite widespread recognition amongst intellectuals and policymakers of the virulent resurgence of nationalism, there is a widespread lack of consensus on the meaning and origins of, as well as the management strategies for dealing with, nationalist conflict.
At the same time, international relations have increasingly been shaped by what Samuel Huntington famously termed as the “Clash of Civilization” and the debate surrounding Huntington's work has received a sense of urgency after the September 11 and with the so-called War on Terror. Yet, other argued it is poorly understood and instead termed the rise of religious movements and religious inspired conflict or violence as the “Clash of Fundamentalism.” Accordingly the great conflicts of our time are not clashes of civilizations, they are clashes and competitions between different modes of modernity. One emphasized individualism and democratic popular participation, while the other emphasized the importance of communal identity and self-determination.
This course aims to enable students to:
- Have knowledge of the emergence and persistence of nationalism as well as the circumstances under which it may become associated with ethnic, religious polarisation and violence in their broader political context on the one hand; and the process of conflict resolution and peace building in deeply divided societies, on the other.
- Have knowledge of the causes, consequence and responses to civil wars, nationally, regionally and internationally.
- Develop an integrative understanding of global issues, conflict resolution and peacebuilding theories, research, and practice
- Be aware of the social and economic situation of plural
societies undergoing ethnic, religious polarisation, violence and
Lecture Topics (Tentative)
Week 1 Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies
Week 2 Defining Conflict, Peace Violence
Week 3 Understanding Contemporary Conflict
Week 4 Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict
Week 5 The Political Economy of Conflict: the greed and grievance debate
Week 6 The Causes of Internal Conflict: Structural and Political Factors
Week 7 Reflecting on roles of religion in conflict and peace
Week 8 Nationalism as a basis of mass killing and genocidal violence
Week 9 Non-Violence civil resistance as a basis for conflict transformation
Week 10 Containing conflict: Third party mediation and preventive diplomacy
Week 11 Containing conflict: Peacekeeping and humanitarian intervention
Week 12 Separation as a solution? Partition and Secession
Week 13 Institutional design and mechanisms of peacemaking
Week 14 Conflict Transformation, Reconciliation and Peacebuilding
INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES
On successful completion of this module, you will be expected to be able to:
Knowledge and understanding
- Possess knowledge about theoretical paradigms informing, nationalism and ethnopolitical conflict and civil wars
- Should be able to develop a sufficient understanding of different methods of conflict analysis, resolution and transformation.
- Acquire a deep knowledge about the different ways in which the international community has tried to deal with civil wars and of genocides specifically with the problem of political, moral and legal responsibility as well as different approaches to preventive diplomacy, mediation, humanitarian intervention and reconciliation.
- Possess knowledge about how to design and carry out a research project.
- Write an independently researched essay on a conflict and peace
studies related topic
- a sophisticated appreciation of current issues in the area of global peace, security and the challenges to plural societies and the ability to evaluate a range of different approaches to the study of conflict resolution, peace studies.
- The ability to undertake and present an independent piece of research in Conflict and Peace Studies
- The capacity to gather, retrieve and synthesize information from a number of different sources in order to understand the complexities of issues in Conflict and Peace Studies
- The ablity to undertake and present an independent piece of research in conflict and peace studies
Professional and career development skills
Syllabus will be available in Absalon before the classes begins. login at https://intranet.ku.dk Also available upon request.
Teaching will take the form of lectures, student presentations and class discussions based on the assigned readings
Feedback on research proposal. To provide you with an opportunity to develop the topic identified in your initial research proposal into a comprehensive, academic paper.
Efterårskurser: Tilmeldingsperioden er 15. maj - 1. juni.
Forårskurser: Tilmeldingsperioden er 15. november – 1. december
Sommerskole-kurser kan tilmeldes i begge periode (meritstuderende dog kun pr. 1. juni.)
Tilmelding til undervisning medfører automatisk tilmelding til
Meritstuderende skal tilmelde sig via en særlig en ansøgningsformular: klik her
- 7,5 ECTS
- Type of assessment
- Written assignmentIndividual/group.
Free written take-home essays are assignments for which students define and formulate a problem within the parameters of the course and based on an individual exam syllabus. The free written take-home essay must be no longer than 10 pages. For group assignments, an extra 5 pages is added per additional student. Further details for this exam form can be found in the Curriculum and in the General Guide to Examinations at KUnet.
- Exam registration requirements
Sociology students must be enrolled under MSc Curriculum 2015 to take this exam.
- Marking scale
- 7-point grading scale
- Censorship form
- No external censorship
- Exam period
Submission dates and time will be available at KUnet, www.kunet.dk. Exchange students and danish full degree guest students please see the homepage of Sociology; http://www.soc.ku.dk/english/education/exams/ and http://www.soc.ku.dk/uddannelser/meritstuderende/eksamen/
At re-exam, the form of examination is the same as ordinary exam.
If the form of examination is ”active participation” the re-examination form is always “free written take-home essay”.
Criteria for exam assesment
Please see the learning outcome.
- Course Preparation
- Exam Preparation